Acetal Copolymer vs Delrin® Acetal Homopolymer
It’s more than acetal – it’s Delrin®.
Unlike acetal copolymers, Delrin® is a tough, lightweight and durable acetal polymer with inherent low friction, low wear, low noise, low moisture pick-up and excellent spring back properties. It's so well known that the brand name Delrin® is often misused as the industry term for acetal resin. But, not all acetals are equal!
How is Delrin® different?
Delrin® is an acetal homopolymer and has a uniform backbone with a larger crystalline block structure than acetal copolymers providing better chemical bonding. As a result, Delrin® is the stiffest and strongest unreinforced technical engineering polymer available.
Delrin® offers major benefits over acetal copolymer
Specifying Delrin® for high-performance, high precision mechanical parts can allow to optimize part design and production:
- Increased design flexibility
- Thinner wall sections at same physical part performance
- Lighter parts
- Less material usage
- Improved mold filling
- Shorter molding cycle times
- Upgrading from existing tooling delivers higher performance parts
- For new part design and upgrading with current molds
- Potential for reduction in part production cost (customers quote up to 20%)
Mechanical properties comparison
For example, Delrin® 500P, our general purpose resin, significantly outperforms general purpose acetal copolymer across the entire mechanical spectrum:
- 80% higher yield strain
- 65% higher flow rate
- over 40% higher impact resistance, particularly at low temperature
- higher stiffness, yield strength, strain at break and creep resistance
- >1000% higher flex fatigue resistance
ADVANTAGES OF DELRIN® VERSUS ACETAL COPOLYMER
|Delrin® Properties||Customer Benefits|
|Higher Yield Stress and Yield Strain
|Higher Flow Rates with Better Mechanical Properties||
|Much Higher Notched Charpy Impact Strength, even at Low Temperatures||
|Higher Strain at Break||
|Higher Creep Resistance||
|Much Higher Fatigue Resistance||
White Paper: Let Delrin® Acetal Homopolymer Optimize Your Next Design
How to Maximize the Property Advantages of Delrin® Acetal Homopolymer Over Acetal Copolymer: A Guide for Design Engineers
Delrin® acetal homopolymer resin - also called Delrin® POM-H - is one of the most crystalline engineering thermoplastics available. Delrin® is a highly adaptable material that bridges the gap between plastics and metals and offers unique properties. It is specified for high load mechanical applications and precision parts, where strength, stiffness, stability and reliability are important. Applications range from gears, safety restraint components, door system and conveyor systems components to medical delivery devices, ski bindings, zip fasteners and many other applications across a wide range of products and industries.
When compared to acetal copolymers, Delrin® homopolymer combines higher fatigue and creep resistance with overall higher toughness and higher tensile strength and stiffness, allowing for thinner and lighter part design, and the potential for reduced part production cost.
This white paper describes the differences between Delrin® homopolymer and acetal copolymer in detail and explains how to make the best use of the higher level of mechanical performance of Delrin® homopolymer over that of acetal copolymer in order to extract the most value for all stakeholders.
Table of contents
- What is an acetal polymer
- Key properties of Delrin® acetal homopolymer
- Mechanical properties comparison in detail
- When to use Delrin® acetal homopolymer
- Customer benefits of mechanical properties
- How to exploit the superior mechanical properties of Delrin® acetal homopolymer vs. acetal copolymer
- Case study
- How all stakeholders can benefit
Delrin® Acetal Homopolymer Outperforms Acetal Copolymer and Reduces Cost Per Part
Designing for Delrin®, a global customer gained significant cost savings
A major customer used Delrin® acetal homopolymer over acetal copolymer to redesign the next generation of their part. The result: thinner, lighter part design at same part performance that allowed the company to shorten production cycle time and to gain significant cost savings in part production cost.
The customer was considering acetal copolymer for the next generation of their part, as the company was offered acetal copolymer at a discount to the price of Delrin®.
Delrin® technical specialists offered support in part design to demonstrate the increased design flexibility with Delrin® at same part performance, and the potential for significant cost savings by delivering:
- More strength and stiffness
- More impact toughness
- More creep and fatigue resistance
- Higher flow rates
Delrin® outperforms acetal copolymer in mechanical properties. For the customer, these features translate into the potential for:
- Increased design flexibility with thinner and lighter parts
- Faster processing time
Both of which can lower cost per part through reduced material consumption and improved productivity of molding machines.
Optimized Part Design
In order to optimize the design of the part to fully exploit the superior mechanical properties of Delrin® while maintaining the necessary stiffness for part performance, Delrin® engineers started with Delrin® 300TE, removed the ribs, reduced the diameter of the center thick section, and reduced wall thickness along the face of the part.
By optimizing the part design for Delrin® the customer saw:
- 21% weight reduction
- 11% faster cycle time
This translated into 12% lower overall cost per part, relative to the copolymer alternative.
By focusing on design optimization using a resin with superior mechanical properties, a lower cost per part was achieved.